Search | Contact
News | e-News |
Rumour Mill | Stories
In German
Foreign Language


Todd-AO Festival
KRRR! 70mm Seminar
Oslo 7OMM Festival

Premiere | Films
People | Equipment
Library | Cinemas
Todd-AO Projector
Distortion Correcting

France | Germany
• Scandinavia
Australia | UK
London | USA

" 80 Days"
"Flying Clipper"
"The Hateful Eight"
"The Master"
"Scent of Mystery"


Ultra Panavision 70
Super Panavision 70
MCS 70 | DEFA 70
Dimension 150
Sovscope 70
70mm Blow-up
IMAX | Showscan

Interview & People
Always Remember
Cinema | Projector
70mm Dolby Stereo
Cinerama Remaster
Rama Galore
Vintage Bradford

2019 | 2018 | 2017
2016 | 2015 | 2014
2013 | 2012 | 2011
2010 | 2009 | 2008
2007 | 2006 | 2005
2004 | 2003 | 2002

2005 | 2004 | 2002
2001 | 2000 | 1999
1998 | 1997 | 1996
1995 | 1994 | PDF Mission:
• To record the history of the large format movies and the 70mm cinemas as remembered by the people who worked with the films. Both during making and during running the films in projection rooms and as the audience, looking at the curved screen., a unique internet based magazine, with articles about 70mm cinemas, 70mm people, 70mm films, 70mm sound, 70mm film credits, 70mm history and 70mm technology. Readers and fans of 70mm are always welcome to contribute.

Disclaimer | Updates
Support us
Table of Content

eXTReMe Tracker
Extracts and longer parts of may be reprinted with the written permission from the editor.
Copyright © 1800 - 2070. All rights reserved.

Visit about Danish cinemas


Compact Distribution Print by Todd-AO

The 70mm Newsletter
Written by: Dr Richard Vetter, Todd-AODate: 01.01.2020
Some misleading information has appeared recently in film industry publications that concerns the Compact Distribution Print, or CDP. Unfortunately, the quoted sources have not seen CDP demonstrations, so the opinions expressed are speculation and have no factual basis. The purpose of this brief article is to state the facts and set the record straight. CDP has been demonstrated widely, in split-screen comparison, to studio executives, the creative community, and projection and audio members of SMPTE. A leading independent testing laboratory evaluated CDP picture and sound performance in July 1996.

Fact: All of the original print-negative information reaches the screen via the compact print process, and picture and sound performance meets or exceeds current SMPTE standards.

A summary of the 21-page Evaluation Report appears here below this text. Fact: All of the original print-negative information reaches the screen via the compact print process, and picture and sound performance meets or exceeds current SMPTE standards.

Fact: A compact print is 37.5 percent shorter than a current print. Its advantages and impact are obvious; they include substantially reduced costs for film stock, printing, shipping, and handling in the theatre. Also, wider release of major films becomes possible without affect-ing distribution budgets.

Fact: The compact print does not affect production or post-production, which are performed according to standard practice. At the time of release, as is customary, a standard timed interpositive is made from the completed production original. From that point forward, the compact print process is applied.

CDP is a simple three-step process:

• Step 1. Making a compact picture internegative.
• Step 2. Making a compact sound negative.
• Step 3. Making a retrofit to a standard projector.

Let's take those step by step, fact by fact:

1. A compact intenegative is made from a standard timed interpositive.

Fact: The practical limit of image resolution in original photography is, at best, 40 line pairs per millimeter (80 lines), and the new resolution limit using the new Eastman intermediate film (5244) is greater than 130 line pairs per millimeter (260 lines).

Fact: All of the original negative picture elements (pixels) are re-solved on the compact print, as confirmed by independent laboratory tests. Step 1 requires new state-of-the-art computer-designed printing lenses compatible with the new high-resolution intermediate film stock.

Fact: These are the first new computer-designed printing lenses expressly for the release print-ing process in over a decade.

Fact: No print will exhibit better quality than the quality of the original element from which it is derived.

2. A compact sound negative is made from the completed sound master.

Fact: Sound negative film stock has the capacity to resolve greater than 20 kHz, although the standard in theatre reproduction is 12.5 kHz.

Fact: Frequency response of CDP extends from 31.5 Hz to 12.5 kHz, again as confirmed by independent lab tests. The compact print demonstrates both analog and digital sound in accordance with SMPTE audio performance standards. 3. A standard projector is equipped with a new retrofit. permitting projection of current and compact prints.

Fact: Once the retrofit is made, a projection attendant can convert from one mode of operation to the other in less than 20 minutes.

Fact: With CDP, picture steadiness is improved and print life is extended due to the physical dynamics of 56 ft./min. vs. the current 90 ft./min.


Although a final draft of the CDP Business Plan is pending, it appears that cost of implementation in North America will be recouped within the third quarter of the first year of majority use of the compact print process. According to the present business plan, it is not contemplated that exhibitors will be required to make any investment.


Fact: The superiority of a frame rate of 30 per second has been demonstrated for decades, yet the film industry has been reluctant to financially embrace it as a new standard

According to the present business plan, it is not contemplated that exhibitors will be required to make any investment.


More in 70mm reading:

Dr. Richard Vetter about ClearVision 2000

Dan Leimeter: Working at Todd-AO Sound Studios

CineSpace 70 / ClearVision 2000 by Todd-AO

Internet link:

Example of 2½ perf CDP frames

Fact: At 30 fps, flicker is eliminated and motion, definition and brightness are substantially enhanced. It is proposed that CDP can serve as the catalyst for adopting the higher frame rate.

Fact: At 30 fps, a compact print is 22 percent shorter than a current print at 24 fps. Presentation of movies at the elevated frame rate will favorably affect boxoffice revenue and patron satisfaction.


CDP has passed all technical tests and has been awarded numerous U.S. and foreign pa-tents based on novelty and utility. CDP supports the survival of film over an electronic alternative. Although CDP has developed a new lamp condenser lens system for large auditoriums, it does not replace the need for 70mm prints in ultra-largescreen venues. Wider distribution and superior presentation coupled with improved economy are what CDP offers the film industry today.

Historically, there has always been a resistance to change. But the music industry discovered ways to progress from 78 rpm records to CDs, and magnetic tape recording has shrunk from 30 ips to 3 3/4 ips and less. Motion picture film speed has remained, unchanged, at 90 ft./min. for more than 60 years, and the four-perforation format dates to 1889! These standards have clearly outlived their usefulness. We at United Artists Theatres and Todd-AO believe it's time for a change for the common good of the film industry and its valued patrons.

Located in Pacific Palisades, Calif., Dr. Vetter is director of research and development for United Artists Theatre Circuit and Todd-AO. During his 45-year industry career, he has invented Dimension 150 (a 70mm widescreen process), Todd-AO's 35mm anamorphic widescreen process (for which the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded him a 1973 technical achievement award), and the Prismalite outdoor screen system. Dr. Vetter, who is the inventor and patent holder for CDP, has also been involved in the development of a xenon projection illumination system and various film systems like StereoSpace 3-D, CineMax 70 and CineCircle 360.

An Independent U.S. Testing Laboratory

Film/Image TestCurrent 4-perfCurrent 2.5 -perf
Film resolution (lines prs/mm)68 x 5680 x 126
Screen image (jump and weave)Meets SMPTE Std. Class AMeets SMPTE Std. Class A
Split-Screen ComparisonIncreased jump & weaveLess jump & weave; no screen degradation
Film/Perf. life (1000 passes)No DamageNo Damage
Audiop Tests  
Frequency response31,5 Hz to 12,5 kHz (+/- 1dB)31,5 Hz to 12,5 kHz (+/- 1dB)
NoiseNo measureable differenceNo measureable difference
Flutter0,10 percent0,09 percent
Channel separation-35 dB-36 dB

CDP Flyer

Flyer - press to enlarge

Flyer - press to enlarge
Go: back - top - back issues - news index
Updated 27-12-19