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"To record the history of the large format movies and the 70mm cinemas as remembered by the people who worked with the films. Both during making and during running the films in projection rooms and as the audience, looking at the curved screen"., a unique internet based magazine, with articles about 70mm cinemas, 70mm people, 70mm films, 70mm sound, 70mm film credits, 70mm history and 70mm technology. Readers and fans of 70mm are always welcome to contribute.

Visiting David Samuelson
By Mark Lyndon
These days, David is confined to a wheelchair in a care home in North London, complete with fiercely protective staff. Luckily, on the day, they came to accept and even welcome our presence. We were here to bear witness to greatness. David Samuelson retains a dogged and defiant Churchillian spirit - a point blank refusal to bow to the ravages of time and fortune.
Introduction of CinemaScope
By David Samuelson
Fox's introduction of CinemaScope proved to be every bit as momentous as the introduction of sound, and the cinema has benefitted from the continued development and perfection of an imperfect original invention. The fidelity of the sound in "The Jazz Singer" (1927) is a long way from the sound we experience in the cinema today, and so it is with anamorphic lenses. Chretien, Skouras, Sponable and Gottschalk would not believe the image quality we see on our screens today. performance, one review (your results may vary)
By Vince Young
It had been years since I had set foot in the Ziegfeld, now about to enter its 45th year of existence, since it had gone through two changes in ownership after the original Walter Reade Organization. I wanted to see if a 70mm presentation nowadays could hold a candle to similar wide-gauge engagements in the past.
Cinerama's Search For Paradise CD Soundtrack
The sound track to the 1957 SEARCH FOR PARADISE was only issued in Mono on vinyl but this CD release has been mixed from the original movie sound track in stereo. Composed by Dimitri Tiomkin and with him conducting the Cinerama Symphony Orchestra, the score sounds glorious. Opera star Robert Merrill sings on the solo numbers on the sound track and also on the pop versions.
"INTERSTELLAR" in 70mm at the Zoo Palast cinema in Berlin
By Gerhard Witte
"Interstellar" - a visually stunning science-fiction epic with a running time of 169 minutes. The movie is certainly, as is the case with many things in life, a question of taste. I will be brief and say only this. I had a certain amount of difficulty in following the partially meta-physical "extra-terrestrial" content, particularly in the second half of the film. Maybe I am just lacking the necessary powers of imagination.

• Go to "INTERSTELLAR" im Berliner Zoo-Palast
"Interstellar" in 70MM at the Ziegfeld in New York
By Howard Haas
Countless movie premieres and special events like Dr. Who screenings are hosted at the Ziegfeld. But, with more than 1100 seats, the Ziegfeld was designed for movies to be exclusively only there before opening wide, and in the multiplex era, the Ziegfeld's future is in grave doubt. The Ziegfeld is the last huge single screen movie theater still showing daily movies in New York City so I am happy to enjoy a movie there, and was doubly happy to see the 70mm epic “Interstellar” there.

• Go to Dennis Furbush's Gallery: "Interstellar" in 70MM at the Ziegfeld in New York, November 2014
"Interstellar" Now Playing in 70MM
By readers
Just went through a wormhole and then through a black hole - can we do that again please? WOW! The IMAX experience now made me falling in love with the film by putting everything into the right perspective. To sum it up: if you have not seen INTERSTELLAR in IMAX 15/70 you haven't seen it at all.
Interstellar: La Magia Del 70mm Al Cinema Arcadia Di Melzo (Milano)
By Laura Fumagalli & Alessandra Pinna Berchet
Da Giovedì 6 Novembre grazie alla volontà del regista Christopher Nolan e della Warner Bros Distribution, il cinema ARCADIA di Melzo sarà l’unico cinema in Italia e uno dei pochissimi in Europa a proiettare il film "Interstellar" nella speciale versione 70MM. In Europa sono segnalate ufficialmente solo quattro sale oltre a Melzo: Londra, Berlino, Copenaghen, Elbeuf in Francia e in tutto il mondo sono solo una quindicina.
France's Grand Mercure Cinema, will be showing INTERSTELLAR in 70mm
By Richard PATRY, Président Directeur Général
The Grand Mercure Cinema, in Elbeuf, Normandy, France will be the only French cinema to show Christopher Nolan’s INTERSTELLAR in the optimal conditions as envisioned by the director: in 70mm film format. Christopher Nolan, wished to promote the distribution of his new masterpiece, INTERSTELLAR, on a 70mm print with 5 perforations. In Europe, only five cinema theatres will screen the film in 70mm: in Berlin, Copenhagen, London, Milan and at the Grand Mercure Cinema in Elbeuf

• Go to "Interstellar" opens in 5/70 and IMAX 70MM

Tony Cutts Passed Away
By Duncan McGregor
Tony Cutts – projectionist extraordinaire – lost his two year fight against cancer and passed away in the Marie Curie Hospice here in Bradford. He saw the introduction of widescreen cinema in 1952, the transition to wide gauge 70mm film, the introduction of stereophonic surround sound in cinemas, 3D, VistaVision, Imax, Cinerama – Tony saw and experienced it all first hand.

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Tony Cutts Gallery from Bradford 1996 - 2012

Report from The 10th Todd-AO 70mm festival in Karlsruhe
By Johan Wolthuis
The beautiful Schauburg Theatre in Karlsruhe, was the place to be for 70mm fans from all over the world. In the first weekend of October people from Germany, England, Switzerland, Danemark, Austria, France, Tjech Republic, the Netherlands and even an enthousiastic film student from Japan, came especially to visit this famous film festival. With its unique program of famous 70mm films presented on the large curved Cinerama screen.
Projectionist and Head Programmer Dan Halsted is bringing 70mm back to The Hollywood Theatre
By Morgan Montague
Dan has been a projectionist in the Portland for over 10 years, has served as the technical director at the Hollywood and moved into programming for the theatre. He first started doing his own events by presenting rare 35mm prints of obscure exploitation films, and eventually became the head programmer. He initiated the 70mm project and it is virtually his entire doing.
"Holiday In Spain" released on Blu-Ray
Redwind Productions Inc., in association with Cinerama Inc, is proud to present for the very first time – the lost and now re-mastered 70mm treat, filmed entirely in Spain…Originally titled “Scent of Mystery” and presented in “Smell-O-Vision”, this unique and magical adventure, follows a mystery novelist, played by Denholm Elliott, who discovers a plan to murder an American heiress, played by Beverly Bentley, while on vacation in Spain.
Kinopanorama Paris Update
By Jean-Noël Grosmenil
The so called "control desk" was the pre-control table to test the SOUND equipement before a Kinopanorama Show (3x35 and 70 with sep mag sound). It was also used to do the intermission from the booth, during the early 70mm years. At the bottom of that desk, located very close to the sound dubbers, there was 18 pre-amplifiers racks. The MAIN theatre control table was removed since 1974, during the new orchestra refit.
Help the Hollywood Theatre Bring 70mm Film Back to Portland!
By Morgan Montague
Exciting news here in Portland, Oregon. An achievable goal for our area. This cinema was Portland’s 3 Strip and 70mm Cinerama venue back in the day. The foundation that is running it is trying to modernize the theatre while at the same time keeping much of its glorious past in tack as well. As this comes to past I hope to be the Jimmy Olson cub reporter on the spot to provide updates to readers.
Todd-AO Festival 70mm Film Intro
By Wolfram Hannemann
The 10th anniversary program features more colors than just the „official Todd-AO pink“. Thanks to Sovscope! Obviously communism was able to succeed where capitalism failed – striking 70mm prints which do not fade. However, pink will still be very present during this weekend, in various stages. A fact that we all have to live with. At least we still get organic material fed into our projectors at 24 frames per second as opposed to zeros and ones coming from a hard drive. And I am sure that this is exactly the reason we all are here for.
Forget the Hateful Eight, here comes the Glorious Ten!!! - 70mm Foreword for 2014
By Mark Lyndon
Wilkommen, Bien-venue, Welcome! Meine Damen und Herren, Ladies and Gentlemen, it gives me great pleasure to write these words of welcome to the tenth Todd-AO Film Festival in what promises to be a vintage year, here at the Schauburg Cinerama Theatre in Karlsruhe.

• Go to Vergessen Sie „The Hateful Eight“, hier kommen die glorreichen Zehn!!!
Pictures from the 10th Todd-AO Festival
See some snap shorts from the Todd-AO Festival at the grand Schauburg Cinerama cinema in Karlsruhe, germany. Gallery will be updated evry day as the festival continues through the weekend

• Go to Poster Displays
Flicker Alley presents "Seven Wonders of the World" and "Search for Paradise"
Flicker Alley, in association with Cinerama, Inc., releases two historic gems - Seven Wonders of the World and Search for Paradise - presented in brand new, beautifully restored editions. Release Date: November 11, 2014. Flicker Alley and Cinerama, Inc. invite you to celebrate the rich spectacles of Cinerama's Seven Wonders of the World and Search for Paradise, both newly restored and never before seen on home video. Both Deluxe Blu-ray/DVD Combo Editions are available for pre-order on the Flicker Alley website.
A Visit to ARRI in München
By Thomas Hauerslev
Gerhard welcomed us by the end of the train platform and drove us to Türkenstrasse 89, the home of the ARRI Group, the world leading manufacture of motion picture cameras and everything else a movie production needs. The ARRI name was certainly not unfamiliar to me. ARRI have made cameras in all formats, size and shapes since 1917, and had recently moved into the digital world too.

Go to the gallery A Visit to ARRI in München
Re-visiting Large Format With Gerhard Fromm
By Thomas Hauerslev
In the late 1990s, Mr. Gerhard Fromm invited me to come to München to talk about movies and cameras and in 2009 I was on my way to see him. I left Copenhagen on a cold Thursday January night, and I was not travelling alone for this epic adventure. My friend of many years, Orla Nielsen joined me en-route and boarded the City Night Line train in Odense. The following morning we would arrive - by train - in south Bavaria to look for traces of the MCS 70 film process.

• Go to
Re-visiting Large Format With Gerhard Fromm
Sunset Song Filming in 65mm
Director Terence Davies has begun principal photography in Scotland on "Sunset Song", a film adaptation of Lewis Grassic Gibbon’s 1932 classic novel. To capture the landscape, the filmmakers have chosen to shoot on 65mm film, a creative decision that the producers say “will ensure depth, clarity and emotional impact on the screen”.
"Violet" Partly Photographed in 8-perf 65mm
By Bas Devos, director
We shot in an 8-perf format to approach the 4:3 ratio. We wanted to achieve a heightened reality for certain shots. Approx. 12 min in the films final cut is 65mm footage. This includes a monolithic ending sequence of 6½ min. Due to the length of an 8 perf 65mm reel, we had to cut the shot in two parts and stich it together in post to have one fluent 6½ min shot.

• Go to The Hateful Eight - in 65mm?? UPDATED

Ultra Panavison 70
MCS 70 - Superpanorama
Super Panavision 70
ARRI 765
Dimension 150
Super Technirama 70
Sovscope 70

Chronological premiere list of major 70mm films

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Interview & People

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Short stories

• Go to Super Panavision 70

• Go to 70mm Blow - Up Home Page

ALEXA 65 - le 70 mm redevient le format d’excellence au cinema
Jacques Morell
On attendait la sortie imminente de la nouvelle caméra Panavision numérique 65mm développée avec le concours de la NASA. L’information est parue en début d’année avec une photo d’une version prototype. Et depuis plus rien. Surprise! La bonne nouvelle est venue d’Allemagne. ARRI, dont les différentes versions de caméras numériques de la gamme ALEXA sont la référence depuis des années sur les plateaux de tournages en Europe et dans le monde entier, sera non seulement la marque leader du cinéma 35mm numérique

• Go to ALEXA 65 - The splendor of 70mm is reborn


Sales Manual For Louis De Rochemont's Windjammer
By The Cinemiracle Process
David Samuelson interview
New 6-track Magnetic Head
By Clemens Sherer
Vintage articles about Showscan, Panavision & Dolby

Spectrum Reverse Spectrum
Schauburg Cinerama Premieres New "Oklahoma!" DCP
Cinema Retro Issue #30
AFI's Spectacular 70MM Festival
Earth Shattering: Coasters, Quakes, Battles, Sounds and Lawyers
Widescreen Weekend 2014
CIRCARAMA at the Swiss Museum of Transport in Lucerne
"Meine Lieder-Meine Träume" in Germany
70mm Retrospective in Paris

• Go to 2014 news

IN70MM e-NEWSLETTER publishes an e-mail newsletter which is sent to users. If you want to join or discontinue, please send an e-mail to Bill Lawrence,

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New Hollywood western is filming tests in Ultra Panavision 70 and thus would have an extra-wide image when released.


"Inherent Vice" is being released in 5/70 on Dec 12th, a month before the regular release of Jan 9th. Warner will probably make the announcement in the next week or two

• Go to The 70mm Rumour Mill

IN70MM.COM PARTNER is proud to be associated with one of the finest cinemas in Europe, Schauburg Kino, home of the annual Todd-AO Festival in Karlsruhe, Germany.

Go to the Schauburg Kino | Todd-AO Festival

The 11th “Todd-AO 70mm Festival“ will take place from 2-4 October 2015. For three days in October Filmtheater Schauburg in Karlsruhe (Germany) will celebrate the world of LARGE FORMAT film, by offering a series of epic films in 70mm - the HD of film formats.

Once again CINERAMA, Super Technirama 70, DEFA 70, Todd-AO, Panavision 70 and Super Panavision 70 will light up on the large 18 meter curved Cinerama screen.

"in 70mm" is unlike anything you have ever seen - a High Definition movie experience with extremely sharp images and crystal clear 6 track stereo.
"in 70mm"
is very realistic, almost three dimensional and can make everything you have ever seen pale into insignificance. But don't take our word for it - come and see for your self.

• Go to Schauburg Cinerama, Karlsruhe, Germany

I continue to be impressed by the dedication you have to the continuing wellbeing of 70mm. I would like you to have met my colleague and friend, the late Robert Gottschalk, founder and driving force of Panavision. He was of the unshakeable opinion that picture quality, real picture QUALITY, depended on a big piece of negative, the bigger the better.

All good wishes, Sir Sydney Samuelson, December 2009

Go to Testimonials

The original idea was

"Encourage film makers to produce and make new films in 65mm, present them in 70mm with 6-track discrete digital sound on big curved screens".

The 70mm Association Newsletter" was the "voice" of The International 70mm Association.

For 7 years, when the magazine was produced regularly, it was edited and published in Copenhagen. The magazine was never a commercial venture - nor was it intended to be. It had a lot of fans and the number of subscribers climaxed in 2000. The last issue was published in the fall of 2001. Special edition issues 68, 69 & 70 have been made for the Widescreen Weekend.

Go to The 70mm Newsletter |
Back issues

All readers are invited to send in their RAMAs. The "Rama" pages, now in its 6th year. More than 100 new and vintage RAMAs documented so far. Send your RAMA now!

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2012 | 2013

• Go to
Stanley Kubrick's "2OO1: A Space Odyssey"

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Fred Zinnemann's "Oklahoma!" in Todd-AO

• Go to P T Anderson's "The Master" in System 65

Go to Mike Todd Jr.'s "Scent of Mystery" in Smell-O-Vision

• Go to "Interstellar" opens in 5/70 and IMAX 70MM

• Go to Grand Mercure Cinema, INTERSTELLAR in 70mm

“We thought at the time that there wouldn’t be many places to play this in 70mm, but we were pleasantly surprised. There are still a lot of projectors, at least in US, that are 35mm and 70mm combined.”

- Paul Thomas Anderson

• Go to 65/70mm Workshop

Introduction to Projection and Wide Film (1895-1930)
By Rick Mitchell (
It is the intention of this book to deal with the subject of “Wide Screen“ as it relates to the mainstream theatrical motion picture industry and its history, with reference, where appropriate, to its effect upon such related areas as documentary, industrial, and non-theatrical production and exhibition. Notable techniques and processes, the events and situations within the industry which precipitated their introduction, and the subsequent loss of popularity of some them will be covered mostly in chronological order as new developments were generally founded upon, or a reaction to, a previous one.

• Go to W.K.L. Dickson and the 1.33:1 Frame
• Go to Projection and Wide Film (1895-1930)

Todd-AO Birth date
By Brian O'Brien
On October 15th, 1952 I received a phone call from a Michael Todd in New York City, who wished to come to see me at Rochester that evening. I had never heard of Todd, but it seems that he is a well-known Broadway producer.

Go to Todd-AO | Filmed in Todd-AO | The First Movie Produced By Todd-AO | Walter Siegmund Remembered


Online: 02-06-1999. Updated: 22-11-2014