“Almost like a real web
• Search |
• News |
• Rumour Mill |
• Foreign Language
• in70mm.com auf Deutsch
WHAT'S ON IN 7OMM?
• Todd-AO Festival
• KRRR! 7OMM Seminar
• GIFF 70, Gentofte
• Oslo 7OMM Festival
• Widescreen Weekend
• Premiere |
• People |
• Library |
• Todd-AO Projector
• Distortion Correcting
• Ultra Panavision
• Super Panavision
PRESENTED IN 70MM
• Super Technirama 70
• MCS 70 |
• Dimension 150
• Sovscope 70
• ARRI 765 |
• 35mm to 70mm
• Blow-Up by title
• IMAX |
• Showscan |
• Various 70mm Films
• Large Format Engagement
SCOPE & RAMA
• Cinerama |
• Archive |
• Cinemiracle |
• Cinerama 360
• Circle Vision
• Realife |
• Natural Vision
• Vitascope |
• Early Large Format Films
• France |
• Denmark |
• Australia |
• 6-Track Dolby
• CDS |
• 7OMM Projectors
• People |
• 65mm/70mm Workshop
• 2025 | 2024 | 2023
• 2022 |
• 2019 |
• 2016 |
• 2013 |
• 2010 | 2009 |
• 2007 | 2006 |
• 2004 | 2003 |
• 2005 |
• 2001 |
• 1998 |
• 1995 |
• To record the history of the large format movies and the 70mm cinemas
as remembered by the people who worked with the films. Both during
making and during running the films in projection rooms and as the
audience, looking at the curved screen.
in70mm.com, a unique internet based magazine, with articles about 70mm
cinemas, 70mm people, 70mm films, 70mm sound, 70mm film credits, 70mm
history and 70mm technology. Readers and fans of 70mm are always welcome
• Support us
• Table of Content
|Extracts and longer
parts of in70mm.com may be reprinted with the written permission from
Copyright © 1800 - 2070. All rights reserved.
Visit biografmuseet.dk about Danish cinemas
Cinemeccanica Going 3-strip Again
Cinerama installation in Bradford, United Kingdom
The 70mm Newsletter
by: Thomas Hauerslev with
Howard Rust and Pictureville's
BKSTS Projection Team Of
The Year 2002
6 March 2006
Pictureville cinema, the jewel of British cinema in Bradford, West
Yorkshire in the heart of Great Britain, is one of three cinemas
equipped to show Cinerama in the original 3-strip format [There are two
additional 3-strip cinemas, Seattle Cinerama and the
Cinerama Dome in
Los Angeles and a private in a back yard in Australia].
in 70mm reading:
Widescreen Weekend 2006
• WSW Home
• Through the Years
• The Best of WSW
Academy of the WSW
Creating the WSW
Planning the WSW
Bradford BD1 1NQ
screen. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
In 1992 the management of the National Museum of Photography, Film and
Television where Pictureville is located, courageously announced that an
authentic, three projector, seven track sound Cinerama installation
would be its newest attraction. Easier said than done as most of the
equipment used 40 years ago was thought to have been destroyed by the
owners of Cinerama. Luckily, thanks to collectors around the globe, this
giant jig saw puzzle was completed by June 1993.
First Person Experience
For the modern cinema audience, who are used to flat screens and motion
pictures filmed with long focal length lenses, the narrative is
experienced through the characters in the film. This is known as a third
Pictureville and Cinerama offer a unique opportunity to experience
“peripheral vision” or what is known as a “first person experience”.
What you see on the screen is an illusion of reality – you participate
in the action for example, from the front of a rollercoaster.
By imitating human vision Cinerama gives a sensation of “You are in the
movies” – as the cliché goes. It is achieved with the deeply curved
screen and the extreme wide angle of photography.
“Cinerama puts you in the picture” is best experienced by sitting on the
first 4 rows, closest to the screen, claims the Cinerama buffs. A unique
attraction, that has made Pictureville cinema world famous.
A Cinema Museum
projector. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
An impressive list of obsolete film formats can be projected in the
Pictureville cinema including 3-strip Cinerama, Dimension 150, Ultra
Panavision 70 as well regular 70mm and 35mm. There are two screens, an
original permanent 146-degree louvered Cinerama screen and a flat roller
screen for regular film projection.
Pictureville cinema can display an impressive line-up of projection
equipment: 4 Cinemeccanica Victoria 8 machines (3 x Cinerama and 1
35/70mm), the Oscar winning DP70 Todd-AO projector, a 5-deck
Cinemeccanica platter as well as a Cinemeccanica 7-track Cinerama
magnetic sound reproducer. With this impressive collection of equipment
and unique screen and sound technology, it is indeed possible to show
nearly all conceivable film formats in Pictureville.
Originally there were more than 150 3-strip installations scattered all over
projector. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
The cinema opened April 8, 1992 with a charity performance of Steven
Spielberg´s "Hook" in 35mm and Dolby SR stereophonic sound only –
digital sound was added shortly after.
Since 1994, Pictureville has been the home of the
an annual event celebrating the wonders of the big screen. The weekend
draws a huge cast of wide screen enthusiasts from all over the world.
Nearly all of the original 3-strip Cinerama films have been shown during
the past 10 years. All films believed to have been lost forever, have
seen new projector light in Bradford thanks to its Cinemeccanica
Who Did It?
projector. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
Cinerama consultants Willem Bouwmeester, Keith Swadkins and John Harvey did
the Cinerama installation. All missing projector- and sound parts were
• Helsinki, Finland (7-track 35mm sound reproducer)
• Bruxelles, Belgium (louvered screen supports)
• Paris, France (handmade sprockets by Cinemateriel)
• London, England (Sound Associates)
• Los Angeles, USA (Teccon Enterprises)
• Milan, Italy (drawings by Cinemeccanica) and finally from
• England and USA (louvered screen)
It was an enormous task of tracking down, and locating, the almost
non-existent components necessary to re-create an authentic Cinerama
installation. By happy chance, the museum already had two Cinemeccanica
Victoria 8 (former Cinerama) projectors. These had to be restored again to
the unique six-perforation “pull-down” and the discarded “gigolos”
re-installed. A third projector was located in Glasgow and shipped to
The company that made the louvers for the original screens searched their
storerooms and found a complete set. Unfortunately, these proved to be too
short. The search for another supplier was resumed, and one was eventually
located in the United States.
The re-release of "This is Cinerama" took place June 16, 1993.
Present at that performance was Doris Waller, widow of Fred Waller, the
inventor of Cinerama.
The Cinema and Auditoria
cinema. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
The cinema is
built inside the shell of an ex repertory theatre and the customers enter
through the NMPFT main entrance. Once inside, you are greeted by friendly
staff and a classic GK21 35mm projector which was made locally by the
Gaumont Kalee factories in Leeds. There is a bar behind the projection area
with a pleasant range of snacks, sandwiches and beverages.
There are two entrances to the cinema on both sides of the B-projection
room. Inside you find yourself "surrounded" by 3 projection rooms and KCS
surround speakers. The colours are kept in grey and red.
Pictureville has 306 seats including a space for 2 wheel chairs. The seating
area is amphitheatrical and the view to the screen is unobstructed by the
viewer in front of you. Row A is the first row nearest to the screen(s).
There are 12 rows A through M (I is missing).
Cinerama machine. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
rooms are all kept very clean. The Cinerama boxes Able and Charley, situated
in opposite sides of the cinema are clearly visible from the auditoria and
equipped with a Cinemeccanica Victoria 8 Cinerama projector and a tower with
the large reel of film. Baker is also equipped with a 5-deck platter, a
35mm/70mm Cinemeccanica Victoria 8 projector, a Philips DP70 and the third
Victoria 8 Cinerama projector. The Cinerama B panel is fed from the 5-deck
CNR-5 70/35 platter. The large Cinemeccanica Cinerama 35mm sound reproducer
with a new sound head manufactured by Teccon, is also installed in Baker.
and Tony lookign through the louvred Cinerama screen. Image by
The screen technology is very
sophisticated. For ordinary film presentations a 10,2m (33’5") wide and 4,6m
(15’2") tall flat roller screen from Harkness Ltd in England is used. Behind
the roller screen are 5 speakers for 5 channel sound reproduction. All
regular movie presentations are shown on this screen. The unique feature of
Pictureville is the screen behind the roller screen. Not only are two sets
of projectors installed, but also two sets of screen/speakers and curtains.
The giant louvered Cinerama screen is revealed when the roller screen and
speakers are hoisted into the ceiling. The roller screen is manually
controlled from behind the screen. The Cinerama screen is made of 1360
guided louvers each angled to the audience and the relevant projector. It is
designed this way to keep cross reflection to a minimum.
The louvered 146° Cinerama screen (Hurley Screen, Inc., Baltimore, USA)
measures 146° horizontally and 55° vertically. It is 15,6m (51’2") wide
along the curve and 5,9m (19’5") high. Depth of curvature is 3,9m (12’11").
Screen chord is 13,0m (42’8"). Throw to centre of screen chord of Cinerama
screen 18,1m (59’4"). The aspect ratio is 2,62:1. The relative aspect ratio
seen from the Baker projector is 2,24:1 with a heavy butterfly effect
because of the curvature.
Behind the screen are 5 speakers installed in a THX-like wall for discrete
stereophonic Cinerama sound. Both screens are covered by a "Cinerama Red"
Cinerama. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
Cinemeccanica Victoria 8 Cinerama projectors (Able, Baker & Charlie)
electronically locked together by Selsyn motors. 3000 watt/110 amps
Osram xenon on each Cinerama projector. 4500 watt/140 amps Osram xenon
on the Victoria 8 70/35. 3600 watt xenon on the DP70. 3-strip Cinerama
is operated by two projectionists. Projection lenses are from Schneider
and ISCO with zoom lenses on Able and Charlie. Focal length on lens for
flat screen 70mm film is 85mm. Focal length for 70mm on Cinerama screen
is played separately. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
Cinerama 35mm magnetic sound reproducer with specially made Teccon 7-track
Cinerama head. Dolby Stereo CP200 cinema sound processor. Dolby MPU-1
(Magnetic sound). Dolby SRA5 Spectral Recording. Dolby DA20 Dolby Digital.
Dolby SA10 for Surround-EX. Sony Dynamic Digital Sound DFP-D2000 processor (SDDS).
Digital Theater Systems DTS-6D processor for standard 5.1 and special venue
6 channel (DTS). 10-KCS surround speakers. Electro Voice screen speakers.
One set of 5 screen channels behind both screens. Amplifiers: 3-QSC USA 1300
(2x650 Watt) for screen speakers and 3-QSC USA 850 (2x425 watt) for
subwoofer and surrounds.
Cinema is managed by National Museum of Photography, Film and Television in
Bradford BD1 1NQ
Phone: +44 (0)870 70 10 200
seen from the cinema. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
Three films shot
simultaneously with one special camera and shown on three 35mm projectors in
3 x 35mm, 6 perforations per frame and 1 x 35mm full coat magnetic 7 track
stereo sound. Film speed is 26 (twenty-six) frames per second, with the
option to switch to 24 frames per second for selected films.
Invented by Fred Waller in the late 1930’s, refined in the 1940’s and
commercialised with the opening of “This is Cinerama” September 30, 1952 at
the Broadway Theatre in New York, USA.
The three-strip format was abandoned in the early 1960’s and was generally
replaced by regular 70mm projection, much to the dismay of Cinerama purists
and fans all over the globe.
David Strohmaier, has recently documented the fascinating history of
Cinerama in the film,
Pictureville “This is Cinerama“ opening procedure
sound reel. Image by Thomas Hauerslev
To illustrate the complex
nature of running 3-strip Cinerama, here is the projectionists checklist to
run the show.
Open prologue as normal, mono 5.5
Check it. Magnetic (40) 7.5
"Strike lamp when Indians on horses scene appears"
Change over cue is:
"In fact what you are now going to see is an ENTIRELY new form of
On "ENTIRELY" push projector start
Then when Lowell Thomas says: "Ladies and gentlemen this is Cinerama"
Push sound, tabs open
Wait for 1st sound bar, Victoria 8, shutter closed, Cinerama shutter open.
“This is Cinerama“, 1st part closure
After actors take a bow, it changes to the theatre/balcony’s, everyone
Bring 1st red up with house lights up to low when curtains are half closed.
As curtains close, close projector shutters as soon as possible. Bring
remaining lights up, and fade sound down.
This part has no play out.
Inch projector over till sprocket stops moving.
Pictureville “This is Cinerama“ part two, opening
Once laced and ready set sound to back wall for Lowell Thomas "Quiet", then
play normal sound
Bring sound up when blue spacing enters projector - 7,5 on fader.
Strike lamps 2 minutes into playing.
When Lowell Thomas says:
"Listen to the tremendous power"
- take house lights out.
Open tabs and shutters at the end of the play in.
Take reds out as curtains open
Check picture and film
“This is Cinerama“ part 2, closure
Tab when Cameraman Harry Squire fades to screen
Bring 1st red with house lights up low when curtains are half closed
Close shutters and bring remaining lights up when curtains touch
Play out on end.
- top -
- news index